LAURENTINA'S COTTAGE SABA
Collection of Chinese and Japanese porcelain (period 1600 - 1850)
and some European porcelain & earthenware (18th century "goldstone", polychrome dishes from Friesland from about 1700 and many 19th century pieces from Saxony) will be exhibited but is not on this website.
The exhibition can be visited every day between 1 - 5 PM
or on other moments on special request
phone: + 599-4165856 or by Email
This collection has been started by the family Steenhoff being active in the VOC (Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie) between 1700 and 1800. After having lost her home in Arnhem and almost all family antiquities in Worldwar II, collecting started again in 1946 by Mrs. A.J.C. Caderius van Veen-Steenhoff (1888-1991) .
Her grandson René Caderius van Veen was always present when purchasing antiquities from his 3rd to his 21st year and he was always asked for his opinion wich objects he liked.
All collections have been moved by him from "manor De Boschplaatse"
( www.boschplaatse.nl )
in the Netherlands: books from 1640 on, tiles from 1625 - 1800, oriental rugs and lacework from 1800-1900, tin, copper, silver, furniture from 1600 - 1850 etc. and can be seen on Saba.
Qianlong (1730-1750) Mandarin
Porcelain has been invented and developed in China since at least 200 BC and around 1000
there were many kilns and there was a high production already.
In the period of the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644), the export of porcelain to Europe
had started first via the so-called Silk Road. After that, beginning in 1517 porcelain started
to be transported by Portuguese sailing ships - caracas - (hence the Dutch words "kraak"
When the Dutch had discovered the route to India via the Cape of Good Hope in 1598 ,
they also imported cargoes of Chinese porcelain (called "Kaeps Goet").
In this collection you may find porcelain from the period of the emperors Wanli, Kangxi, Yongzengh and Qianlong and some Japanese porcelain from approx. 1700 and 1775.
(courtesy to Wikipedia)
With gratitude for the help from the international Forum Gotheborg.com, an incredible source of experts and knowledge
initiated by Jan-Erik Nilsson,
I was able to give here in principle good definitions although in a few cases the discussions are still going on.
(44) 1 rare deep dish, rim undulated, decoration stylized flowers," Kraak" Wan-li (+1610)
(42)1 small vase, high 15 cm, Wan-li (+ 1600)
(09) 1 very rare dish, blue decoration, Ø 19,5 cm,
Chinese Romance of the Western Chamber story? with Long Elizas,
one with leaves in her hand,(an osmanthus branch to wish Zhang
to pass the highest exam?), Kraak porcelain, Kangxi, (+1675)
(11) 6 cups and dishes, "Bataviaware", chinese imari Ø cups 6,5 cm, Kangxi, (+ 1700)
(11) 6 cups and dishes, "Batavia-ware", chinese imari Ø dishes 10,6 cm,
Kangxi, (+ 1700)
(12) 2 cups Ø 8,5 cm, Kangxi, (+ 1675)
(20) 2 small imari dishes, gold emaillepaint on het glazing, fence with swastica-symbol,
temple with burning pearl, horse and parrot, chinese imari, Ø 10,3 cm, Kangxi (1680-1700)
(21) Chinese Imari teapot, high 13,4 cm., Kangxi (+1675)
(23) 2 very little pots with lid, decorated with long elizas, high 4,5 cm Kangxi, (+1700)
(24) 1 small can with lid, blue, long elizas and flowerpots, high 10 cm Kangxi, (+1700)
(25) 1 small damaged flowerpot, lids missing missing, high 9,cm. Kangxi (+1700)
(26) 1 little vase, blue, decoration flowers, high 9 cm, Kangxi, (+1700)
(37) 1 dish, blue long elizas, bananas with the symbolic meaning of self-education
for the poor, undulated rim Ø 15,9 cm, Kraak, Kangxi,(+1650)
(40) 1 oval little dish, blue and white, decoration flowers, Kangxi, (+1680)
(48) 1 small dish, blue, decoration peacock (quite rare), Ø Kangxi, (+1660)
(45) 2 small dishes, blue, flowers, Ø 16,2 cm, kraak, Yongzheng, (+1725)
or Japanese kraak?
(04) 1 servingdish, decoration Long Eliza with child in landscape,
scene of the Eight Daoist Immortals He Xiangu and Lan Caihe,
32 x 23 cm , Qianlong, (+1770)
(05) 6 deep dishes, Jingdezhen, decoration pot with flowers in Pearlriver landscape
just below Guangzhou city (Canton), Ø 23,5 cm, Qianlong, (+1770)
(07) 6 dishes, blue, 8-sided, Jingdezhen, decoration Pearlriver landscape of
Guangzhou city (Canton)with pagodes, Ø 23 cm, Qianlong, (+1780)
(08) 4 dishes, blue, goldpaint on glazing, floral decoration , Ø 22 cm. , Qianlong, (+1775)
(10) 1 dish, blue, pagode with Pearlriver landscape, Ø 20,3 cm, Qianlong, (+1775)
(14) 2 little pots, blue, flowers, high 10,5 cm., Kangxi, (1700-1720)
(15) 2 small dishes, blue and red with gold on glazing, decoration farmers, Ø 10,1 cm,
(16) 1 cup, blue with gold on glazing, decoration 1 dancing and 1 sitting long eliza
besides flowerpot before windows, Ø 6,1 cm, Yongzheng, (+1730)
(16) 2 small dishes, blue with gold on glazing, decoration 1 dancing and 1 sitting Long
Eliza besides flowerpot before windows, Ø 10,1 cm, Qianlong, (+1790)
(17) 6 cups , famille rose, decoration mandarin family-scene,
Ø 8,6 cm, Qianlong, (1730-1750)
(17) 6 dishes, famille rose, decoration mandarin family-scene,
Ø 13,6 cm, Qianlong, (1730-1750)
(18) 2 dishes, blue, famille rose, European floral decoration: "chine de commande",
Ø 23,1 cm, Qianlong, (+1770)
(19) 2 small polychrome dishes with gold on glazing, floral decoration,
chinese imari, Ø 9,6 cm, Kangxi or japanese, (1700-1720)
(29) 1 famille rose teapot, lion on lid, hugh 13,5 cm, Qianlong, (+1775)
(36) 1 blue pot with “ears, blue and white, decoration, landscape of Pearlriver,
high 15,5 cm, Quianlong (+1775)
(38) 1 dish, blue, flowers, Ø 16,2 cm., Qianlong (+1740)
(46) 6 cups, blue, Pearlriverlandscape , Ø 7,2 cm, Kangxi or Yongzheng, (+1700-1725)
(47) 6 small dishes, blue, Pearlriverlandscape , Ø 11,7cm, Kangxi or Yongzheng,
(50) 1 cup, blue , family scene, Ø 6,2 cm, Qianlong, (+1775)
(02) 1 blue baluster shaped can, decoration with figures in a landscape,
high 21 cm., Japan, Edo, (+1775)
(03) 1 blue can, decoration with figures in a landscape,
high 20 cm., Japan, Edo, (+1775)
(01) 2 ginger jars, blue, decoration river landscape, Ø 14 cm, high 16,3 cm,
(51) 2 shiwan ginger jars (+1875)
(53) 3 shiwan ginger jars (+1900)
(54) 2 shiwan ginger jars (+1980)
Fonthill vase is the earliest Chinese porcelain object to have reached Europe. It was a Chinese gift for Louis the Great of Hungary in 1338.
Section of a letter from Francois Xavier d'Entrecolles about Chinese porcelain manufacturing techniques, 1712, re-published by Jean-Baptiste Du Halde in 1735.
These exported Chinese porcelains were held in such great esteem in Europe that in the
English language "china" became - stupid enough - a commonly–used synonym for the
Franco-Italian term porcelain. Apart from copying Chinese porcelain in faience (tin glazed earthenware), the soft-paste Medici porcelain in 16th-century Florence was the first real European attempt to reproduce it, with little success.
Early 16th century, the Portuguese brought back samples of kaolin clay, which they
discovered in China to be essential in the production of porcelain wares, but the Chinese techniques and composition to manufacture porcelain was not yet fully understood.
Countless experiments to produce porcelain had unpredictable results and would meet with failure.
In the German state of Saxony, the search concluded with an eventual discovery in 1708 by Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus that produced a hard, white, translucent type of
porcelain specimen with a combination of ingredients, including kaolin clay and alabaster,
mined from a Saxon mine in Colditz.It was closely guarded as a trade secret by the Saxon enterprise.
In 1712, many of the elaborate Chinese manufacturing secrets for porcelain were revealed throughout Europe by the French Jesuit father Francois Xavier d'Entrecolles and soon
published in the Lettres édifiantes et curieuses de Chine par des missionnaires jésuites.The secrets of porcelain manufacturing, which d'Entrecolles read about and witnessed in China,
were now known and began being used in Europe.
Von Tschirnhaus and Böttger were employed by Augustus the Strong and worked at Dresden
and Meissen in the German state of Saxony. Tschirnhaus had a wide knowledge of European science and had been involved in the European quest to perfect porcelain manufacture when
in 1705 Böttger was appointed to assist him in this task. Böttger had originally been trained
as a pharmacist; after he turned to alchemical research, it was his claim that he knew the
secret of transmuting dross into gold that attracted the attention of Augustus. Imprisoned by Augustus as an incentive to hasten his research, Böttger was obliged to work with other alchemists in the futile search for transmutation and was eventually assigned to assist Tschirnhaus. One of the first results of the collaboration between the two was the
development of a red stoneware that resembled the red stoneware of Yixing.
A workshop note records that the first specimen of hard, white and vitrified European
porcelain was produced in 1708. At the time, the research was still being supervised by Tschirnhaus; however, he died in October of that year. It was left to Böttger to report to Augustus in March 1709 that he could make porcelain. For this reason, credit for the
European discovery of porcelain is traditionally ascribed to him rather than Tschirnhaus.
The Meissen factory was established in 1710 after the development of a kiln and a glaze
suitable for use with Böttger's porcelain, which required firing at temperatures up to
1,400 °C (2,552 °F) to achieve translucence. Meissen porcelain was once-fired, or green-fired.
It was noted for its great resistance to thermal shock; a visitor to the factory in Böttger's time reported having seen a white-hot teapot being removed from the kiln and dropped into cold water without damage. Evidence to support this widely disbelieved story was given in the
1980s when theprocedure was repeated in an experiment at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Other websites about collections of the Saba Dutch Museum Cottage are about:
Antique Dutch tiles (1625-1800): http://www.sabaweb.nl/collection-01
Ancient books with engravings (1640-1750): http://www.sabaweb.nl/collection-02
Lacework (19th century): http://www.sabaweb.nl/collection-03
Eastern tapestry (18th-19th century): http://www.sabaweb.nl/collection-04
Websites about Saba itself, made by René Caderius van Veen, are:
http://www.saba-hiking.nl and http://www.saba-trails.nl
and more is to follow soon