DUTCH MUSEUM SABA
Collection of Antique "Persian" Tapestry (period 1800 - 1900)
The artefacts can be seen also when visiting for other exhibitions:
Contact phone: + 599-4165856 or by Email
Address: Park Lane Street 12, Windwardside, Saba
Opening hours from 1:00 - 5:00 PM
or on other hours on special request.
This is the region where these rugs are coming from
The collecting started before 1875 by the parents of mrs A.J.C. Caderius van Veen-Steenhoff. Part of it has been transported in 1944 because of the evacuation from Arnhem, another part has been added in the period until 1950.
The colors have the following symbolic meaning:
red: joy and wealth
orange: piety and submission
blue: power and authority
green: (rarely used) the colour of the mantle of Mohammed
Ardabil rugs feature motifs that are very similar to Caucasian rugs, but with more motifs and objects woven into the borders. The colors are also lighter. The patterns are predominantly geometric and the most common layouts on Ardabil rugs are medallions, multiple connected diamond-shaped medallions, and all-over octagonal shapes. The traditional Mahi (Herati) design and colors such are turquoise and purple to the more traditional red, pink, ivory, green, and blue.
Afghanistan ca. 1900 (262x328 cm.) (Dining room)
Baluch rugs are woven near the South-Eastern border of Iran and in Western regions of Pakistan and southern Afghanistan. Being of tribal and often nomadic origin the Baluch rugs are generally small in size, typically limited to a length of 8 ft. which has also to do with the age of the rugs: large rugs could only be made in the 20st century.
Often using wool pile and foundation the rugs are resilient, however due to the materials used and the circumstances of the weavers the knot count is generally low with about 60-180 knots per square inch
Baluch lifetree ca. 1800 (49x87 cm.) (Salon as doormat)
Baluch lifetree ca. 1850 (145x81 cm.) (Dining room)
Baluch ca. 1800 (155x124 cm.) (Side-room)
Heriz / Herez
Heriz rugs are Persian rugs from the area of Heris, East Azerbaijan in northwest Iran, northeast of Tabriz. Such rugs are produced in the village of the same name in the slopes of Mount Sabalan. Heriz carpets are extremely durable and hard-wearing and they can last for generations. The 19th century examples of such carpets are often found on sale by major auction houses in United States and Europe. New Herizes are thick, tough, and often reasonable in price. Such rugs age well and become more and more beautiful with age. Part of the reason for the toughness of Heriz carpets is that Mount Sabalan sits on a major deposit of copper. Traces of copper in the drinking water of sheep produces high quality wool that is far more resilient than wool from other areas.
Heriz rug weavers often make them in geometric, bold patterns with a large medallion dominating the field. Such designs are traditional and often woven from memory.
Similar rugs from the neighbouring towns and villages of the Heriz region are Afshar, Heris, Mehraban, Sarab, Bakhshaish, and Gorevan. The grades of these rugs are primarily based on village name. Serapis, for example, have been considered the finest grade of Heriz since the beginning of the 20th century.
Heriz rugs are of coarse construction. The rugs range from 30 kpsi on the low end to 100–10 kpsi on the high end. It is rare to see a rug over 100 kpsi that would look like an authentic Heriz unless it is an antique silk Heriz
Herez ca. 1850 (126x187 cm.) (Salon)
Baluch Nomad camel bag ca. 1900 (57x45 cm.) (Salon)
Baluch Nomad camel bag ca. 1900 (57x51 cm.) (Salon)
Persian Nomad camel bag ca. 1900 (60x47 cm.) (Salon)
Persian Nomad camel bag ca. 1920 (73x72 cm.) (Salon)
Persian Nomad camel bag ca. 1900 (140x85 cm.) (Salon)
Kilims are cheap flat tapestry-woven carpets or rugs produced from the Balkans to Pakistan. Kilims can be purely decorative or can function as prayer rugs.
Not only pile carpets were produced since ancient times. The explorer Mark Aurel Stein found kilims dating to at least the fourth or fifth century CE in Hotan, China:
"As kilims are much less durable than rugs that have a pile to protect the warp and weft, it is not surprising that few of great age remain.... The weave is almost identical with that of modern kilims, and has about fourteen threads of warp and sixteen threads of weft to the inch. The pattern consists of narrow stripes of blue, green, brownish yellow, and red, containing very small geometric designs. With this one exception, so peculiarly preserved, there are probably very few over a century old.
Kilims are produced by tightly interweaving the warp and weft strands of the weave to produce a flat surface with no pile. Kilim weaves are tapestry weaves, technically weft-faced plain weaves, that is, the horizontal weft strands are pulled tightly downward so that they hide the vertical warp strands
Kelim kissen ca. 1900 (Dining room)
Senneh (?) Lifetree ca. 1900 (102x138 cm.) (Side room)
Persian nomad cloth ca. 1900 (34x103 cm.) (Dining room-porch)
Nomad Persian tent-veil ca. 1900 (36x170 cm.) (Salon)
A Shiraz carpet is a type of Persian rug made in the villages around the city of Shiraz, in the Iranian province of Fars. The designs tend to come from settled tribal weavers so they mimic Qashqai, Khamseh, Afshar, Abadeh and Luri designs. Since the weavers are using fixed looms the rugs tend to be larger and often coarser than their tribal counterparts. Shiraz rugs are not often very finely knotted, with both Qashqai and Abadeh both having a finer knot. Shiraz utilizes the Persian (asymmetrical) knot.
Shiraz is a city in the south west region of Iran, sited practically upon the old Persian Persepolis. Antique Shiraz rugs are - like all antique rugs - woven by home weavers.
The design is geometric, sometimes featuring a pole medallion in the centre. Shiraz carpets use red and brown colors and often use diamond-shaped lozanges as the primary motif.
Borders often have smaller bands around a larger band with palm and pine leaf designs
Shiraz ca. 1800 (94x142 cm.) (Dining room)
Shiraz ca. 1800 (210x114 cm.) (Side room)
Nomad, Persian ca. 1875 ? , (43x82 cm.) (Corridor-old chimney)
There is no powerpoint presentation of this collection, but a print from this web-page is available for visitors.
For the other collections of the Dutch Museum Saba visit: www.museum-saba.com